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Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The growing significance of problems related to climate change requires focused attention on greenhouse gas emissions, both at the company level as well as the level of industry and the country as a whole. The importance of these issues was once again emphasised in the agreement on measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that was signed in 2015 at the UN Climate Change Conference. As one of Russia’s largest oil companies, Gazprom Neft is actively developing an action programme to reduce emissions, in particular greenhouse gas emissions at its enterprises. One solution to this problem is to increase the APG utilisation level. The Company is also committed to more effectively managing risks related to carbon regulation and conducts an assessment of direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions related to its activities. Given the structure of the Company’s activities and the requirements imposed on the industry, Gazprom Neft assesses greenhouse gas emissions by enterprises based on the following aspects:

  • direct greenhouse gas emissions related to the flaring of hydrocarbon fuel and substances, the operation of production facilities and process losses;
  • indirect energy emissions related to the consumption of third-party electricity, heat, steam or cooling.
Diagram of greenhouse gas emission activities and sources
List of processes entailing greenhouse gas emissions for the Company
Area Processes Greenhouse gas
Exploration, development and production Direct leaks of natural and associated petroleum gas in exploration, development and production processes СН4
Flaring for process needs (including energy production) СО2, N2O, СН4
Other (general) types of activities See below
Oil refining Flaring for process needs (including energy production) СО2, N2O, СН4
Non-energy emissions as part of hydrogen production processes СО2
Other (general) types of activities See below
General types of activities Flaring of hydrogen-containing materials (including flaring by flare units and unorganised flaring) СО2, N2O, СН4
Direct leaks in the process of storing, transporting and fuelling methane-containing gases СН4
Direct leaks of coolants (HFC-23, HFC-32, HFC-125, HFC-134a, HFC-152a, HFC-143a, HFC-227ea, HFC-22, HFC-141b, HFC-142b) CF4, C2F6, CHF3, C3F8, C6F14 etc.
General types of activities (indirect emissions) Indirect emissions related to the generation of heat and electricity supplied for enterprises from outside СО2

The methodology used to estimate greenhouse gas emissions was drafted in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and the World Resources Institute (WRI), ISO 14064-1:2006 (GOST R ISO 14064-1-2007) “Greenhouse gases: Part 1. Specification with guidance at the organisation level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals” and also taking into account the recommendations included in the IPIECA, API and OGP Petroleum industry guidelines for reporting greenhouse gas emissions.

The methodology takes into account the requirements of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was founded in 1998 via the UN Environment Programme and the World Meteorological Organisation to objectively track knowledge related to climate change. for the appropriate level of detail of the Company’s data as well as international experience in preparing inventories of greenhouse gas emissions that meet the best practices in the industry:

  • the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (hereinafter the 2006 IPCC), which contain the basic principles and models for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from different processes;
  • the IPIECA, API and OGP Petroleum industry guidelines for reporting greenhouse gas emissions;
  • the API Compendium of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimation Methodologies for the Oil and Natural Gas Industry;
  • the environmental legislation of the Russian Federation.
Greenhouse gas emissions, mn t of СO2CO2-equivalent is a unit used to measure the potential global warming of greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxide is the standard used to estimate all other greenhouse gases. The estimate of greenhouse gases over 2013-2014 for the 2015 annual report was performed based on the new method for estimating annual greenhouse gas emissions. No information is available about greenhouse gas emissions over the period from 2011 to 2012.
Indicators 2013 2014 2015
Greenhouse gas emissions, including: 13.3 12.4 12.7
direct greenhouse gas emissions 11.8 11.1 10.7
indirect greenhouse gas emissions 1.5 1.3 2.0